Laboratório Nacional
de Luz Síncrotron




In a Synchrotron Light Source, the Beamlines are the experimental stations where the materials are analyzed. They are like complex microscopes that focalize the synchrotron radiation so that it illuminates the samples being studied and allows the observation of their microscopic properties.

The 13 beamlines below will allow experiments and research without precedents in the Country, in virtually every area of knowledge.

First Phase
X-Ray Nanoscopy

Carnauba (Coherent X-rAy NAnoprobe BeAmline) is a beamline for multiple advanced techniques using X-ray absorption, scattering and emission, and combining coherent light with nano-focusing. It is the longest of Sirius beamlines, with 145 meters distance between the light source and the sample environment. This length is required to produce a high optical demagnification and attain a focus size of about 30 nm.



Carnauba (Copernicia prunifera) is an endemic tree of semiarid region of northeastern Brazil. (Foto: Otávio Nogueira)

Second Phase
Powder Diffraction

Paineira is a beamline optimized for powder diffraction, single crystal diffraction and spectroscopy techniques and aimed at the structural characterization of polycrystalline materials. The powder diffraction technique is complementary to the micro and nanodiffraction technique of the Carnaúba beamline.



Paineira is the popular name for several species of the Ceiba genus. (Photo: José Carlos Garcia)

Second Phase
X-ray Spectroscopy with Temporal Resolution

Quati (QUick X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy for TIme-Resolved experiments) is a beamline dedicated to high quality X-ray absorption spectroscopy experiments, in XANES (X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structure) and EXAFS (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure) modes, allowing measurements in the time scale of milliseconds.



Quatis or Coatis are mammals of the Nasua genus, common in from South America to the south of North America. (Photo: Domínio Público)

First Phase
X-ray Spectroscopy e Diffraction in Extreme Conditions

The EMA  (Extreme condition x-ray Methods of Analysis) beamline is thought to make a difference where a high brilliance (high flux of up to $latex 1 \times 10^{14}$ photons/sec with beamsize down to 0.1×0.1 $latex \mu \rm m^{2}$) is essential, which is the case for extreme pressures that require small focus and time-resolved that require high photon flux.



Ema, Rhea americana, é uma ave que não voa, nativa da América do Sul. (Foto: Nino Barbieri )

Second Phase
High Energy X-rays Tomography and Diffraction

Jatoba is a beamline that will cover the range of High Energy X-rays, which enable a large penetration of X-rays in all materials, reaching centimeters in materials such as of steel and millimeters in materials containing lead.



Jatoba is the popular name of the genus of trees Hymenaea L., common throughout Latin America and especially the Amazon rainforest. (Photo: Domínio Público)

Second Phase
Inelastic X-ray Scattering

Inga is a beamline that would originally explore the characterization of materials by Inelastic X-ray Scattering (IXS), where there is a change of energy of the photons scattered in interactions with matter. Part of the original scientific program of the Ingá beamline was transferred to the EMA beamline. The design of this beamline is being re-evaluated.



Inga is a tree of the Inga genus with diversity center in the Amazon rainforest. (Photo: João Medeiros )

Second Phase
X-ray Micro- and Nanotomograhy

The Mogno beamline will be dedicated to obtaining three-dimensional images of different materials, quickly, non-invasively, quantitatively and with high resolution.



Mogno is the popular name of the species Swietenia macrophylla found in South and Central America. ( Photo: Public Domain)

First Phase
Coherent and Time-resolsed X-ray Scattering

Cateretê (Coherent And TimE REsolved scatTEring) is a beamline optimized to perform Coherent X-ray Diffraction Imaging (CXDI) and X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (XPCS). Among its applications are the investigation of the dynamics of biological phenomena and nanoscale structures in the areas of petroleum, catalysts and polymers, as well as in solving problems of the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.



Cateretê or jacarandá branco (Machaerium paraguariense) is a tree found in the southern and southeastern regions of Brazil (Photo: Bruna Luiza Soares Alves)

Second Phase
Small Angle X-ray Scattering

The main technique of this beamline, the Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) in solution, is a complementary technique to the Protein Crystallography of the Manacá beamline and allows understanding basic biological mechanisms by determining complex structures of proteins, without crystallization of macromolecules.



Sapucaia is the popular name of the Lecythis pisonis species, common to the Amazon Forest and Atlantic Forest. (Photo: Fernando Cunha)

First Phase
High Resolution UV and Soft X-ray Spectroscopy

Ipê (Inelastic and Photo-Electron spectroscopy) is a beamline that will have two experimental stations that will allow complementary spectroscopy techniques, Ambient Pressure X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (AP-XPS) and Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering (RIXS).



Ipê is the common name of many species of trees of the Handroanthus genus. (Photo: Public Domain)

Second Phase
Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Imaging

Sabia (Soft X-Ray ABsorption Spectroscopy and ImAging) is a beamline for soft X-rays using undulators with polarization control and a Planar Grating Monochromator. The main analysis possible in this beamline will be X-rays Photoemission and Absorption Spectroscopy. In particular, Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES) which is one of the most powerful experimental techniques to research the electronic structure of materials.



Sabiá (Mimosa caesalpinaefolia) is a tree found in the Northeast and North Regions of Brazil. It is also the name of a wide range of species of the Turdus genus, found all over the world. (Photo: Claudio Oliveira Lima )

First Phase
Infrared Micro and Nanospectroscopy

Imbuia (Infrared Micro and Nanospectroscopy Beamline) is a beamline dedicated to experiments in micro and nano-infrared spectroscopy in the medium IR range. These experiments allow for compositional analysis of virtually any material and are essential for the research in new materials, with emphasis on biological and synthetic organic materials.



Imbuia is the common name of the Ocotea porosa species, typical of the Araucaria forests of the South Region of Brazil. (Photo: Domínio Público)

First Phase
Macromolecular Micro and Nanocrystallography

Manacá (MAcromolecular micro and NAnoCrystAllography ) will be the first macromolecular crystallography beamline of Sirius and will be optimized for micrometric and sub-micrometric focus. The project includes two experimental stations, also including beams with dimensions of 20×5, 10×5 and 5×5 micron, dedicated to the study of three-dimensional structures of macromolecules, particularly complex arrangements such as viruses, membrane proteins and protein complexes and ligands.



Manacá is the name given to trees of the Tibouchina genus of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. (Photo: Mauro Guanandi)