In a synchrotron laboratory, the beamlines are the experimental stations where the materials are properly analyzed. They are like complex microscopes that condition and focus synchrotron radiation, so that the samples of the materials under study are illuminated allowing the observation of their microscopic aspects, such as those described in the scientific program of the Heterogeneous and Hierarchical Matter, Soft and Biological Matter, and Condensed Matter and Materials Science Divisions.
In general, the beamlines are composed of four main elements: (1) the radiation source, which can be an undulator or even a dipole of the magnetic lattice of the synchrotron accelerator; (2) the front-end, which makes the safe transition, monitoring and conditioning of several aspects of the photon beam propagation between the storage ring and the beamline; (3) the optical elements responsible for focusing and filtering the spectral range of interest; (4) the experimental stations (with positioning systems for all their detectors and sample holders).
All of these systems are positioned and controlled remotely by high-precision mechatronic systems and housed in radiological protection hutches served with all the infrastructure of utilities, controls and protection systems necessary to carry out complex experiments on the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter.
The Beamline Engineering Division teams are responsible for the design, construction and maintenance of the beamline components, from the front-end to the opto-mechanical components and infrastructure of Sirius’ experimental stations, collaborating with several Brazilian companies to bring the state-of-the-art to synchrotron light technology.