The main objective of this internal research subprogram is the development and application of synchrotron techniques for investigating microscopic aspects of natural environments, including the complex relationships between biotic and abiotic systems. This program is connected to different research areas such as geosciences, soil science, oceanography, atmospheric sciences, astrochemistry, paleontology, archeology and astrobiology.
The main projects under this program deal with the use of synchrotron radiation to investigate the properties of soils, from the dynamics of their micronutrients to the contamination by heavy elements, and the use of synchrotron radiation to simulate radiation effects on environments and biological systems.
This program has been expanding in recent years with the recruitment of new researchers, collaboration with major users and projects through internal collaborations in the CNPEM, especially with CTBE. As a result, there has been a substantial increase in the number of research proposals made by external users in these areas. The expectation, in the medium and long term, is to be possible to develop a scientific leadership in synchrotron applications in agriculture and environment, which are strategic areas for the Country.
In the UVX synchrotron light source, the beamlines SXS, XRF and TGM are the main experimental stations where the projects in this program are currently run.