# BEAMLINES

BACK

In a Synchrotron Light Source, the beamlines are the experimental stations where materials are analyzed. They function as complex microscopes that focus synchrotron radiation so that it illuminates the samples under study and allow the observation of their microscopic properties.

SOURCE
BEAMLINES
STATUS
MAIN TECHNIQUE
ENERGY RANGE
D12A
XRD1
X-Ray Powder Diffraction
5.5 to 14 keV

The XRD1 beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray powder diffraction analysis in the hard x-rays (5.5 to 14 keV) energy range. It focus on the determination of structural parameters of polycrystalline samples, with applications to physics, chemistry, materials science, materials engineering, environmental and geosciences, pharmacy, biology. It is also possible to study the samples in a large range of temperatures (100 – 1070 K).

U11A
PGM
Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy
100 to 1500 eV

The PGM (Planar Grating Monochromator) beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Spectroscopy in the soft X-rays (100 to 1500 eV) energy range, with applications to the study of the electronic, magnetic and structural properties of materials. It is well equipped with in-situ preparation facilities, making it particularly suited for surface science and thin films characterization. In addition to that, it is offers instrumentation for microscopy and photoemission on liquids.

D10B
XPD
X-Ray Powder Diffraction
6 to 12 keV

The XPD beamline is an experimental station dedicated to Powder X-ray Diffraction analysis and operates from 6 to 12 keV. However, the energy is set at 8keV (for maximum flux) and it is only changed to perform anomalous scattering experiments or to eliminate the effect of fluorescence for samples containing specific elements, such as Fe. The beamline focuses on the structural studies of crystalline and nanocrystalline materials and it is able to perform both high resolution and faster in-situ experiments under non-ambient conditions.

D10A
XRD2
X-Ray Scattering and Diffraction
3 to 17 keV

The XRD2 beamline an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Diffraction techniques in the hard x-rays range (3 to 17 keV). Several kinds of measurements can be carried out in this beamline, both in monocrystalline or policrystalline samples and thin films with Grazing-Incidence Diffraction (GID), Grazing-Incidence Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (GISAXS) and in-plane diffraction. Applications include crystallographic characterization of monocrystals at low temperatures (2K-400K), microscopic magnetism, orbital ordering studies, and characterization of thin films, quantum dots and heterostructures.

D09B
XRF
X-Ray Fluorescence Microscopy
5 to 20 keV

The XRF beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Fluorescence Microscopy (XRFM), X-ray Fluorescence Tomography (XFCT) and Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence (TXRF) analysis in the hard X-rays energy range (5 to 20 keV). The beamline’s focus is on the determination and mapping of trace chemical elements in samples with applications in the fields of analytical chemistry, biomedicine, environmental geochemistry and materials science.

W09A
XDS
X-Ray Diffraction and Spectroscopy
5 to 30 keV

The XDS beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Diffraction and Spectroscopy in the hard x-rays (5 to 30 keV) energy range. It focuses on determination of atomic, electronic and magnetic structure of materials with applications to condensed matter physics, chemistry, geosciences, among others. Several sample environments are available at XDS: high pressure cells to subject samples up to 80 GPa, magnetic field of 6 T magnet for diffraction experiments, cryostat for temperatures as low as 1.8 K, furnaces for temperatures up to 1200 K.

D08B
XAFS2
X-Ray Absorption and Fluorescence Spectroscopy
3.5 to 17.0 keV

The XAFS2 beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy in the hard x-rays energy range (3.5 to 17.0 keV). It focus on the study of the atomic-level structure as well as in the electronic and magnetic properties of matter, with applications in a wide range of scientific fields, such as atomic and molecular physics, chemistry, biology, environmental and geosciences and cultural heritage. Experimental techniques available include Fluorescence Spectroscopy, X-ray Excited Optical Luminescence, X-ray Reflectivity and Combined X-ray Absorption Fine Structure and X-Ray Diffraction.

D08A
SGM
Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy
250 to 1200 eV

The SGM (Spherical Grating Monochromator) beamline is dedicated to the spectroscopy in the soft x-rays (250 to 1200 eV) energy range. It focus on the electron spectroscopy of surfaces and absorption spectroscopy of low atomic number elements and first row transition metals with applications to atomic and molecular physics, surface science, materials science and condensed matter physics.

D06B
IMX
X-Ray Microtomography
4 to 20 keV

The IMX beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Tomography imaging techniques. The beamline can acquire x-ray images using a combination of absorption, phase or dark field imaging modalities. This beamline can operate in either pink beam, with energy spectrum ranging from 4 to 20 keV, or monochromatic beam. Applications include the analysis of the internal structure of fossils and rocks, the geometrical description and quantification of porosity and permeability of materials, and the structure and characteristics of cells.

D06A
DXAS
Dispersive X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
5 to 14 keV

The DXAS beamline is an experimental station dedicated to dispersive x-ray absorption spectroscopy (acronym for DXAS) techniques, in the hard x-ray energy range (5 to 14 keV). The peculiarity of this beamline is the capability to collect absorption spectra over an extended range of photon energies without any mechanical movement of its optical elements. The DXAS is especially suited for detecting weak signals in XANES (X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Spectroscopy) and XMCD (X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism) experiments and for tracking time-dependent evolution of chemical reactions.

D05A
TGM
Ultraviolet Spectroscopy
3 to 330 eV

The TGM (Toroidal Grating Monochromator) beamline is dedicated to ultraviolet spectroscopy techniques, covering the energy range of 3 to 330 eV (ca. 400 to 4 nm). In this energy range, it is possible to investigate the electronic structure and luminescence properties of solids, as well as performing studies of environmental and atmospheric interest.

D04B
XAFS1
X-Ray Absorption and Fluorescence Spectroscopy
4 to 23 keV

The XAFS1 beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy in the hard x-rays energy range (4 to 23 keV). This beamline is used in the study of the atomic-level structure as well as in the electronic and magnetic properties of matter, finding applications in a wide range of scientific fields, such as materials science and solid state physics, chemistry, earth sciences and biology. Available techniques include high-edge resolution (XANES) and fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS).

D04A
SXS
Tender X-ray Spectroscopy
1 to 5 keV

The SXS beamline is an experimental station dedicated to X-ray Absorption and Photoelectron Spectroscopy in the soft X-rays (1 to 5 keV) energy range. It focuses on to study the electronic, magnetic and geometric structures of materials with applications to atomic and molecular physics, analytical chemistry, environmental and geoscience. Other experimental techniques available include X-ray Magnetic Dichroism and Resonant Auger Spectroscopy.

D03A
IR1
Infrared Nanospectroscopy
700 $\rm cm^{-1}$ to 3000 $\rm cm^{-1}$

The IR1 beamline is an endstation dedicated to infrared nanospectroscopy (nano-FTIR) in the range of mid-IR. Its main purpose is the analysis of chemical-optical properties of condensed matter in the nanoscale. In similar fashion to established infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), the nano-FTIR allows for identification and characterization of a chemical compound by means of its vibrational response, however, with nanoscale spatial resolution. Moreover, nano-FTIR is a technique based on near-field optics and, therefore, can be applied to the optical analysis in the sub-diffractional regime of plasmonic and photonic materials.

D02A
SAXS2
Small Angle X-Ray Scattering
6 to 12 keV

The SAXS2 beamline is an experimental station dedicated to Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) techniques in the hard x-rays energy range (6 to 12 keV) for studying the shape, size and structures of soft materials in the nanoscale with sizes ranging from 1 to 100 nm, with applications to molecular biology, medicine, life science, chemistry and material science.

D01B
SAXS1
Small Angles X-Ray Scattering
8 keV

The SAXS1 beamline is an experimental station dedicated to Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) techniques, with fixed energy at 8 keV. SAXS is a technique available at most synchrotron research centers, and a well-established method of studying the shape and spatial organization of objects in the nanoscale with sizes ranging from 1 to 100 nm.

W01A
MX2
Macromolecular Crystallography
5 to 15 keV

The MX2 beamline is an experimental station dedicated to Macromolecular Crystallography in the hard x-rays energy range (5 to 15 keV) with maximum flux at 8.5 keV. The station is available for conventional single wavelength data collection as well as for Single and Multiple-wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (SAD/MAD) experiments. Major improvements will be available in 2017.