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Industrial Use of Synchrotron Light sources

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Companies need to constantly look “through” the structure of materials to meet the current needs of society and the economy by developing new products and processes or improve existing ones, making them more efficient and cheap.

Research done with the use of synchrotron light sources have benefited the development of numerous products and components, from baby diapers to turbines for aircraft. They have been – and still are – used in the development of more durable, resistant and inexpensive batteries for electric cars, cellphones and laptops and the development of new semiconductors, capable of increasing the efficiency of organic solar cells for the production of electricity.

Among the largest US companies, according to Fortune magazine’s ranking, at least 32 of them use synchrotron light sources in the development of their products. Exxon Mobil, Chevron, General Electric, Ford Motor, HP, GM, IBM, Boeing, Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer, Novartis, Intel and 3M are among these companies.

Companies can use the experimental stations (called Beamlines) of the current synchrotron light source UVX of the Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS) for the solution of their needs in research, development and innovation. Below are some examples of possible industrial applications.

AGRICULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT


In agriculture, the synchrotron radiation may be used for soil analysis, for the development of cheaper and more efficient fertilizers, and, at the same time, less harmful to the environment and health. It has application also in mapping the concentration, location, and bioavailability of nutrients in plant species. Some examples of industrial applications in Agriculture and Environment of the LNLS experimental stations are found below.

XAFS2The XAFS2 X-ray absorption beamline can be used in agriculture for the analysis of soil and environmental pollutants.
SXSThe SXS X-ray absorption spectroscopy beamline can be used in a variety of applications for soil and the environment such as the characterization of minerals rich in phosphorus and potassium for the development and testing of new fertilizers.
IMXThe IMX X-ray tomography beamline has amongst its applications the analysis of rocks and soil for developments in Agriculture.
XRD1The XRD1 X-ray diffraction beamline is able to obtain high quality data from different types of materials for the analysis of soil and fertilizers.
XRFThe XRF X-ray fluorescence beamline can be used in the analysis of chemical major, minor and trace elements. Within the broad range of applications are the analysis and characterization of nutrients in foods and environmental pollutants.

ENERGY AND MATERIALS


In the energy sector, the use of synchrotron light techniques allows the development of new technologies for oil and natural gas exploration, and the understanding and development of materials and systems for solar cells, fuel cells and batteries as well as the research of new lighter and more efficient materials Some examples of industrial applications in Energy and Materials of the LNLS experimental stations are found below.

XAFS1The XAFS1 X-ray absorption beamline is useful for structural characterization of materials such as catalysts, glasses, ceramics, polymers and hybrids liquids.
XAFS2The XAFS2 X-ray absorption beamline can be used for the characterization of various luminescent materials, functional magnetic, superconducting, or for nanostructured devices such as fuel cells and batteries, catalysts, etc.
IR1The IR1 infrared nanospectroscopy beamline can be used in the development of new opto-electronic materials or photonic devices based on 2D materials.
IMXThe IMX X-ray tomography beamline has among its applications the analysis of rocks for optimization of oil exploration.
MX2The MX2 Macromolecular Crystallography beamline can provide accurate information about the atomic composition and structure of macromolecules, such as enzymes and proteins, revealing details of the interaction between substrates and enzymes, suggesting improvement routes or inhibiting the action of substances for the production of biofuels.
TGMThe TGM UV spectroscopy beamline can be used in various industrial applications such as the testing of aerospacial materials under simulated conditions of irradiation from, e.g. solar radiation in space.
PGMThe PGM soft X-rays spectroscopy beamline can be used, for example, for the study of magnetic properties of new materials, for monitoring the progress of chemical reactions for the study of catalysts, or for the determination of residues in intermediate steps of lithographic processes in microelectronic and micromechanical manufacturing.
XPDThe XPD X-Ray powder diffraction beamline allows fast and nondestructive analysis of multicomponent mixtures without the need for extensive sample preparation, enabling the characterization of materials for applications in metallurgy.
XRD1The XRD1 X-ray diffraction beamline is able to obtain high quality data from different types of materials for e.g. the analysis of oil and oil samples for the petrochemical industry.
XRD2The XRD2 X-ray diffraction beamline is particularly suitable for the study of structure of thin films and surfaces. Thin films have become an important field of materials technology being used in many applications such as microelectronics, optics, etc.
XDSThe XDS X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy beamline can cover a wide range of applications for which it is essential to analyze the atomic structure of a magnetic or electronic materials on various temperature and pressure conditions.
XRFThe XRF X-ray fluorescence beamline can be used in the analysis of chemical major, minor and trace elements for the non-destructive analysis of impurities on the surface of microelectronic devices.
SAXS1The SAXS1 small angle X-ray scattering beamline allows the investigation of substances from the nanometer to hundred nanometer scale with applications in Catalysis and Petrochemicals.

HEALTH AND PHARMACEUTICALS


For the health sciences, research with synchrotron light are essential for the identification of protein structures and complex intracellular units, an important step in the development of new drugs, as well as the development of nanoparticles for the diagnosis of cancer and for fighting viruses and bacteria. Some examples of industrial applications in Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals of the LNLS experimental stations are found below.

IMXThe IMX X-ray tomography beamline can be used to study the structure of organoids (three-dimensional agglomerates of various types of cells) for the development of new medical treatments.
IR1The IR1 Infrared nanospectroscopy beamline can be used in the development of new drugs and biological sensors based on nanoparticles, as well as studies and drug delivery efficiency in the level of individual cells.
MX2The MX2 macromolecular crystallography beamline can provide accurate information about the atomic composition and structure of macromolecules, such as enzymes and proteins, revealing details of the interaction between substrates and enzymes, suggesting improvement routes or inhibiting the action of substances for the production of more efficient drugs and cosmetics.
XRD1The XRD1 X-ray diffraction beamline is able to obtain high quality data from different types of materials for e.g. determining the composition of new drugs.
XPDThe XPD X-Ray Powder Diffraction beamline allows rapid analysis and nondestructive of multicomponent mixtures without the need for extensive sample preparation, enabling the characterization of materials for pharmaceutical applications.
SAXS1The SAXS1 small angle X-ray scattering beamline allows the investigation of substances from the nanometer to hundred nanometer scale with applications in structural biology for e.g. drugs and cosmetics.